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Chemicals or elements used in fireworks to produce colors

Aluminum - Aluminum is used to produce silver and white flames and sparks. It is a common component of sparklers

Antimony - Antimony is used to create firework glitter effects

Barium - Barium is used to create green colors in fireworks, and it can also help stabilize other volatile elements

Calcium - Calcium is used to deepen firework colors. Calcium salts produce orange fireworks

Carbon - Carbon is one of the main components of black powder, which is used as a propellent in fireworks. Carbon provides the fuel for a firework. Common forms include carbon black, sugar, or starch

Chlorine - Chlorine is an important component of many oxidizers in fireworks. Several of the metal salts that produce colors contain chlorine

Copper - Copper compounds produce blue colors in fireworks

Iron - Iron is used to produce sparks. The heat of the metal determines the color of the sparks

Lithium - Lithium is a metal that is used to impart a red color to fireworks. Lithium carbonate, in particular, is a common colorant

Magnesium - Magnesium burns a very bright white, so it is used to add white sparks or improve the overall brilliance of a firework

Oxygen - Fireworks include oxidizers, which are substances that produce oxygen in order for burning to occur. The oxidizers are usually nitrates, chlorates, or perchlorates. Sometimes the same substance is used to provide oxygen and color

Phosphorus - Phosphorus burns spontaneously in air and is also responsible for some glow-in-the-dark effects. It may be a component of a firework's fuel

Potassium - Potassium helps to oxidize firework mixtures. Potassium nitrate, potassium chlorate, and potassium perchlorate are all important oxidizers

Sodium - Sodium imparts a gold or yellow color to fireworks, however, the color may be so bright that it masks less intense colors

Sulfur or Sulphur - Sulfur is a component of black powder. It is found in a firework's propellant/fuel

Strontium - Strontium salts impart a red color to fireworks. Strontium compounds are also important for stabilizing fireworks mixtures

Titanium - Titanium metal can be burned as powder or flakes to produce silver sparks

Zinc - Zinc is used to create smoke effects for fireworks and other pyrotechnic devices

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