National Emblems

Lioned Capitol
Ivory Coast
Hong Kong
Bauhinia(Orchid tree)
Lion with Crown
The soyombo
New Zealand
Southern Cross, Kiwi, Fern
Sri Lanka
Crescent and star
Golden Rod
Zimbabwe Bird

Flower Emblems
Water Lily
Corn Flower
White Lily
United KingdomRose
Olive Branch

India and Bahrain Tax Information Exchange Agreement

What will Big Ben, UK's clock tower would be renamed to?
Elizabeth Tower

Who took over as Vice-Chief of Indian Air Force?
Air Marshal D.C.Kumaria

Who took charge of command of the Western Air Command (WAC)?
Air Marshal Arup Raha

Name the Indian American girl who won the 2012 Scripps National Spelling Bee crown.
Snigdha Nandipati

Name the spacecraft which returned to earth to end historic trip.
SpaceX Dragon

Global rating agency Fitch downgraded which banks credit rating outlook to negative from stable?
Indian Bank

Which 2 countries signed a Tax Information Exchange Agreement to promote economic cooperation and joint investment to boost bilateral trade?
India and Bahrain

Name the Taiwanese bank which is set to open its 2nd branch in India at Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu.
Chinatrust Commercial Bank

To save which ailing company, proposal is being made by 2 oil sector PSU's IOC and MRPL to take charge of running it?
Haldia Petrochemicals Ltd. (HPL)

Science - 2

The largest gland in human body is
i) Adrenal ii) Liver iii) Pituitary iv) Thymus

The unit of measuring food energy is
i) Calories ii) Volts iii) Ergs iv) None of these

Which fruit diabetic patients can eat freely?
i) Banana ii) Orange iii) Mango iv) All of these

The first person to conduct heart transplantation in India
i) Dr.R.Kesavan Nair ii) Dr.Venugopal iii) Dr.Ram iv) Dr.Vijay

The first effective vaccine against polio was prepared by
i) Robert Edwin ii) John Gibbson iii) William Jones iv) Jonas E. Salk

What was the theme for the World AIDS Day which is observed on December 1?
i) Build better tomorrow ii) AIDS and the Family iii) Safe sex prevents AIDS iv) None of these

Which of the following enters human body through skin?
i) Ring worm ii) Tape worm iii) Hook worm iv) None of these

Dehydration in human body is caused due to the loss of
i) Salts ii) Vitamins iii) Protein iv) Water

Small pox can be prevented through
i) Vaccination ii) Injection iii) Ayurvedic drugs iv) Acupuncture

People's fear of today's technology is known as
i) Xenophobia ii) Anglophobia iii) Agoraphobia iv) None of these

Essay: Interlinking of rivers in India

India is a country with vast population with extremes of climate, different topography, varied types of soils, annual rainfall ranging from 5 cm to more than 1000 cm. some parts facing the havoc of floods and other parts thirsty for rain drops. Hence a scheme for effective and efficient management of water resources was prepared which envisages interlinking of 37 national rivers through 30 links across 9600 km with 32 connecting dams.

Undoubtedly, interlinking of rivers would provide innumerable facilities and comforts but certain hurdles are bound to arise in the implementation of the project. In the first instance many canals will pass through national parks and sanctuaries and many people may be displaced by the building of dams and canals. The construction of reservoirs and dams may swallow up the natural habitats of wild life and the ecology of the country may be subjected to unknown consequences. Large areas under forests may be submerged under water. According to some scientist’s monsoon rains come all over the country at one and the same time, hence interlinking rivers may cause floods. Then rivers like Ganga and Brahmaputra are international rivers, hence consent of adjacent countries like Nepal and Bangladesh would be a necessity for the completion of the completion of the project. Country is already facing a dispute over sharing of Kaveri river water. Further conflicts may arise between the states on the issue of sharing of water between them. Finally financing of the project will not be so easy.

In view of the director general of National Water Development Agency (NWDA) the interlinking of rivers should be based upon-

Inter-basin transfer is an outstanding example of effective and efficient management of water resources on the basis of need of the people;

Scientific studies dealing with water balances in various basins have already been conducted and it is believed that ecological and environmental problems shall not arise as all possible ameliorative and mitigation measures will be included in implementation of the project;

The problem of displacement, rehabilitation and resettlement of the people affected by the project should not pose a challenge because liberal and enlightened packages would be provided to them;

Scientific studies have been made in full details which incorporate relevant data of surveys and Investigations-Geological, Geophysical and Geo-electrical soil surveys of the command areas, suitable cropping patterns, crop rotation, socio and ecological impacts including a forestation;

Inter-state water agreements will hold good and after meeting the state's demand only surplus water will be directed into other state territories. The donor state may also be compensated with hydro-power or development funds for the water they spare;

Finally it is believed that people's participation and confidence is as important as the political consensus.

Summing up the setting up of a national water grid by linking the major rivers of India is a costly and huge project which has both positive and negative implications. This project which requires a huge political, economic and social discipline will also have a tremendous impact over the neighboring countries. Alternative schemes are also being discussed which seem promising at present but have to be extensively tested before they can appear as a viable solution.

Essay by:
Uma R.Srinath, Bangalore, India