High Court, Language, Public Service Commission, National emergency, list of articles of Indian constitution

Article 166 All Executive actions are to be taken in the name of the Governor

Article 168 States shall have legislative Assembly and Legislative Council

Article 214 There shall be a High Court for each State

Article 215 Every High Court shall be a Court of record

Article 216 Every High Court consists of a Chief Justice and other Judges as appointed by the President

Article 222 Judge of a High Court can be transferred from one High Court to another without his consent

Article 226 High Courts has the power of issuing writs in nature of Habeas Corpus etc, and their violation

Article 227 The High Court controls and supervise the working of the Sub-ordinate courts

Article 229 Every High court has been ensured a complete control over the member of its staff

Article 235 High Court exercise control over the District Courts and Sub-ordinate Courts in matters of postings, promotions,etc.

Article 249 Parliament is empowered to make laws with respect to every matter enumerated in the State List if the Rajya Sabha passes a resolution by 2/3rd majority that it is necessary in national interest

Article 250 The Parliament can give direction to the State during National Emergency

Article 252 If the Legislature of 2 or more States request the Parliament to legislate on a particular State subject, the parliament can do so

Article 253 Parliament can make laws even on State List to comply with the International Agreements

Article 280 Provided for the appointment of a Finance Commission

Article 299 All the officers of the Union shall be the subordinates of the president. President has the power to appoint or remove the high dignitaries of the State.

Article 300(A) No person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law

Article 301 Freedom of trade and Commerce

Article 312 Parliament is empowered to create one or more "All India Services" .If Rajya Sabha declares by a resolution supported by 2/3rd majority

Article 315 Says that there shall be a Public Service Commission for Union and States

Article 316 The Chairman of the Service Commission should be appointed by the President and by the Governors of the States

Article 326 States that election to the House of the People and to State Legislature Assemblies should be on the basis of Adult Franchise

Article 331 The President can nominate two members from Anglo Indian community to their lower houses

Article 335 The claims of SC/STs shall be taken into consideration for maintenance of efficiency of administration in making appointments to services and posts in Union or of a State

Article 343 Declares that official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari, but English shall continue to be used for all official purposes

Article 350(A) Every State and every local authority within the State should provide adequate facilities for the instruction in the Mother tongue at the primary stage to children

Article 351 Promotes the spread of Hindi language

Article 352 National Emergency for whole or a part of India. The Lok Sabha in a special sitting can disapprove the continuance of a National Emergency proclaimed by president

Article 355 The Union has to protect every State against external aggression and internal disturbance and to ensure that the Govt of every State is carried on in accordance with provisions of the Constitution

Article 356 If President's Rule is imposed, the power of the Legislature comes under the authority of the parliament

Article 358 part III of the Constitution contains a long list of fundamental rights, described as the "Corner Stone of the Constitution " is subject to be amended under Article 368

Article 359 It empowers the President to suspend any or all the Fundamental Rights during National Emergency

Article 360 If financial emergency is declared by the President, during the financial Stability or credibility of India or any of its units is threatened; all the money bills passed by the States falls under the control of the centre

Money bill, Jurisdiction and Governor Important articles of Indian constitution

Article 109 If there is a question over the validity of money bill the decision of the speaker of the Lok Sabha is final

Article 110 A money bill is defined clearly in this article

Article 111 After the money bill is passed by the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha it is presented to the President, who unlike in the case of other Bills has no right to withhold it

Article 112 The President shall in respect of every Financial year cause to be laid before both the Houses of parliament an Annual financial Statement

Article 123 The President has the power to make Ordinance when either of the two houses is not in Session

Article 124 Persons who has been a Judge of the Supreme Court should not plead or act in any court in India

Article 125 The salary and allowances of judges of supreme court shall not be altered to their disadvantage after their appointment

Article 126 When the Office of Chief Justice of India(CJI) is vacant  the duties of CJI shall be preformed by the Judges of the Supreme Court as President may appoint for the purpose

Article 127 If the Supreme Court is facing difficulty to hold its session due to lack of quorum of Judges, the Chief Justice of India may with the previous consent of the President and Chief Justice of the State concerned, request a Judge of a High Court to sit as adhoc Judge in the Supreme Court. The adhoc Judge shall receive salaried and allowances available to Judge of the Supreme Court.

Article 131 Tells about the original Jurisdiction -relating to Fundamental Rights

Article 132 Appelate Jurisdiction -Constitutional: In the constitutional matters an appeal lies to the Supreme Court if the High Court certifies that the case involves a substantial question of law as to the interpretation of the constitution

Article 133 Appellate Jurisdiction -Civil: In the civil case an appeal lies to the Supreme Court if a High Court certifies that the value of the subject matter of the dispute is not less than Rs.20000/-

Article 134 Appellate jurisdiction -Criminal: A person make appeal to the Supreme Court if the High Court has sentenced the accused to death

Article 136 Supreme Court enjoys the power of granting special leave to appeal from any judgement, order or sentence in any case except court martial

Article 137 Revisory Jurisdiction :Supreme Court is empowered to review by Judgement

Article 138 The President is a empowered to refer to the Supreme Court for its opinion regarding treaty and agreements. In such case Supreme Court has to give its opinion.

Article 143 States that Government can refer any question of Public importance to the Supreme Court for seeking its opinion.

Article 153 There shall be a Governor for each State

Article 154 The executive power of the state is vested with the Governor

Article 155 Governor shall be appointed by President by a warrant under his hand and seal

Article 156 Governor holds his office for five years but he holds office during the pleasure of the President

Article 157 Qualification of Governor(Minimum age 35)

Article 158 Conditions for governor's office

Article 159 The oath of the office of the Governor is administered by the Chief Justice of the state and in his absence the senior-most Judge of that Court should perform the duties

Important articles of Indian constitution, President, Vice-president, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha

Article 52 States that there shall be a president of India

Article 53 Executive power of the Union shall be vested in the President

Article 56 Term of the office of the President

Article 58 Qualifications of President

Article 59 Conditions of the President's Offices

Article 61 President can be removed from office by impeachment

Article 63 States that there shall be a Vice-President

Article 64 Vice-president shall be the Ex-officio Chairman of the Council of States

Article 65 Duties of Vice president

Article 66 Election of Vice President by an electrol college which consists of all the members of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha

Article 67 Terms of the Office of Vice President

Article 71 Disputes relating to Presidential election shall be decided by Supreme Court

Article 75(3) The council of ministers is collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha and individually responsible to the President

Article 75(5) There is no legal bar that a minister must be a member of parliament(6 months)

Article 79 The Parliament of India consist of the President and the two Houses

Article 80 The Rajya Sabha,"The Council of States" consists of not more than 250 members(12 members , 238 elected)

Article 81 & 331 Provide the composition of Lok Sabha(maximum-552)

Article 85 President summons the Houses of Parliament and prorogues either House and dissolve the Lok Sabha

Article 89(1) Vice-president of India is the ex-officio chairman of Rajya Sabha, he presides over the proceedings of Rajya Sabha

Article 89(2) The deputy Sabha from amongst its Members

Article 90 The deputy Chairman may be removed from his office by a resolution of the council of States passed by a majority of all the then members(14 days notice)